This book takes up a range of factors affecting the relationship between community development and recreation: planning assumptions and structures, class and racial influences on engagement processes, grassroots approaches, critical consciousness through young adult literature, questions about the relationship between community and economic development, and issues of inclusion, social justice, and community empowerment.
In a world of diversity and fluidity, the challenge for leisure/recreation practitioners and scholars becomes more complex and potentially exciting if we can become comfortable with uncertainty and ambiguity.
The term community development in a globalized and diverse world is problematic and carries with it a history of colonialism, Western expansion and hegemony, and neo-liberal agendas in addition to being situated in a changing contentious world with nation-states and minority groups struggling over control.
This volume initiates a discussion about the ways leisure, sport, and tourism might conceptualize the relationship with community development. The volume builds upon existing research and programs, extends or reframes theoretical approaches, questions, and posits alternative frameworks for playing with the intersection of community development, leisure, sport, and tourism.
Its strength and relevance come from the authors' willingness to seriously and playfully explore the limits, implications, and variations of community development relevant for recreation and leisure studies as well as construct alternative spaces for leisure practices.
Whether it is reconceiving planning as a "human arena" potentially facilitating how an individual comes to understand the self and communities, an exploration of how whiteness and privilege color community development and recreation, conceiving of a compassionate pedagogy for community and recreation facilitation, or returning to young adult literature and storytelling for knowledge, this collection interweaves current theories, ethical frameworks, practices, and critiques relevant to recreation and leisure practitioners and scholars.
Such a collection helps orient leisure practice and scholarship within larger international and North American currents of diversity, struggles over Indigenous rights and standing, economic and global agendas, political agendas that use leisure as power over or exclusion of others, the value of leisure beyond social and economic benefits, and the hegemonic commitment to an autonomous, self-initiating individual self.
As the voices herein unfold spaces within dominant and “status quo” approaches in governments and academia, there are some voices yet to be heard.
Part A: Guiding Principles and Theoretical Frameworks
Chapter 1: Community Development in Leisure: Laying the Foundations by Erin Sharpe, Felice Yuen, and Heather Mair
Chapter 2: Community Capacity by David Matarrita-Cascante and Michael Edwards
Chapter 3: Fostering Inclusion and Belonging by Colleen Whyte and Erin Sharpe
Chapter 4: Understanding and Enhancing Citizen Power by Karen Gallant and Erin Sharpe
Chapter 5: Social Capital: The Value of Social Networks in Community by Troy D. Glover
Chapter 6: Space, Place, and Community Development by Amanda Johnson and Felice Yuen
Part B: Community Development Practice
Chapter 7: Community Development Planning Processes: From Understanding to Mobilizing to Sustaining by Heather Mair and Donald G. Reid
Chapter 8: Leadership Roles and Group Facilitation Skills for Community Development by Alan Warner and John Colton
Chapter 9: Working Through Difference: Acknowledging Power, Privilege, and the Roots of Oppression by Stephen Lewis, Rasul Mowatt, and Felice Yuen
Chapter 10: Community-Based Research: Engaging Citizens in Creating Change by Peggy Hutchison, John Lord, and Theron Kramer
Chapter 11: Community Organizing by Rudy Dunlap and Heather Mair
Chapter 12: Compassionate Pedagogy for Reflexive Community Practices by Susan (Sue) M. Arai and Halyna Tepylo
Part C: Contemporary Context and Future Directions
Chapter 13: Recreation, Development, and Youth by Brett D. Lashua
Chapter 14: Sport in the Community: An Overview and Assessment of ‘Sport for Development and Peace’ by Simon C. Darnell
Chapter 15: Community Development and Economic Development: What is the Relationship? by Rhonda Phillips
Chapter 16: Tourism and Community Empowerment: The Case of a Tanzanian Maasai Community by Christine Buzinde and Heather Mair
Chapter 17: An Emergent Case Study of INTERactive: Promoting Intercultural Understanding Using Physical Activity as the Tool by Paula Carr and Wendy Frisby
Chapter 18: Marginalization, Inclusion, and Community Development: What This Means for Women Who Have Spent Time in Prison by Darla Fortune
Chapter 19: The Past and Future of Community Development Through Leisure by Alison M. Pedlar