The Future of Leisure, Tourism, and Sport - eBook

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ISBN/ISSN: 978-1-57167-854-6

Author(s): Geoffrey Godbey, Galen Godbey

Copyright year: 2017

You will live the rest of your life in the future, so it makes sense to think about it. In The Future of Leisure Tourism and Sport, we consider the near future and ways that all forms of leisure, particularly sport and tourism, will be affected by accelerating change.

This may seem to be a fool’s errand, but ignoring the possibilities of the future is even more foolish. Leisure is of central importance in the future; what will people do when they experience the absence of the necessity of being occupied?

What will be worth doing when constraints are minimal? Two forms of leisure will receive special attention. Tourism can be a way of exploring the world and sport a way of exploring within playful rules.

Both tourism and sport have emerged as expected parts of life, as huge components of the economy, and as the basis for careers. Some of the readers of this book are planning careers in parks, recreation, tourism, sport, fitness, and other forms of leisure.

We discuss important trends and future projections in diverse areas such as population growth, immigration, crowding, climate change, and technology. Each of these factors is important in its own right. However, these forces will interact with one another in ways that are difficult to foresee.

So the best that you and your colleagues in the field of recreation, park, sport, tourism, and other leisure services can do is to keep scanning the horizon and to develop a variety of broad scenarios that the interplay of the above forces may create.

Strategies and flexible plans for each scenario will have to be constructed, each based upon admittedly inadequate information and major assumptions.

Section One: The Future of Leisure, Tourism, and Sport

Will Leisure, Tourism, and Sport “Westernize”?

More Globalized, Customized, Contingent, and Central

Changing Concepts of Leisure    

Thinking Flexibly About the Future

Section Two: Demographic Issues

A Rapidly Expanding and Consuming Human Population    

Carrying Capacity and the Management of Crowding

Poorest Nations Producing the Population Increase

Global Aging

Global Urbanization: Increasing Population Density

About 4 Out of 10 Humans Are Chinese or Asian Indian

Europe Is Being Repopulated    

Worldwide Decline of “White” People

Asia and Mexican Immigration Redefining North America

Summary

Section Three: Environmental Issues

Human-Caused Climate Change

The Water Crisis

Rapidly Changing Relations With Other Animals

Exceeding World Carrying Capacity

Massive New Sources of Pollution Planned

Limitations of Carrying Capacity Have Not Yet Been Recognized

Obsolete Automobiles and Airplanes

Australia in the Crosshairs of Climate Change

A Revolution in Food: The Decline of Factory Farming

Section Four: Social Issues

Women Ascending

Beginning the Post-Growth Era

The Intensified Race for Education

Terrorism

The Worldwide Increase in Refugees

Obesity

The Animal Rights Movement Is Growing

Global Addiction

Necessity of Emotional Intelligence

Shorter Attention Spans

The End of Power?

Government Policy and Leisure

Section Five: Technology and the Transformation of Organizational Life, Work, and Leisure

Changes in Work

Designing People

Endless Energy

End of Infrastructure

Takeover of Computers

When Computers Disappear

Decline of Centralized Infrastructure

Leisure-Centered Living in the Emerging World

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