Planning for Recreation and Parks Facilities - eBook

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ISBN/ISSN: 978-1-57167-900-0

Author(s): Jack Harper

Copyright year: 2009

Edition: 1st

pages: 213

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Planning for Recreation and Parks Facilities: Predesign Process, Principles, and Strategies provides recreation students and practitioners with a practical guide to predesign area and facility planning. The book is divided into six sections that systematically progress through the planning process from basic principles to goal setting, date collection, analysis, interpretation, and reporting. Section I deals primarily with an introduction to planning principles and the process that is necessary to establish a framework for planning. Sections II and III outline internal organization and external community factors and conditions that have an impact on recreation and park planning decisions. Section IV presents models and strategies to analyze and interpret multiple data sets and illustrates how this analysis assists in decision making and priority setting. Section V describes various types of recreation plans and illustrates how information and critical thinking are used to solve problems and identify the referred course of action in a planning context. Specifically, this section introduces creative approaches to parks and recreation master plans, facility feasibility studies, open space planning, and business and strategic planning. Section VI introduces how facilities are managed and operated once they have been developed

This book concludes by describing various planning models and the implications for facility management and operation.

About the Author 




Planning Principles and Process 


1.0 Planning Defined 

1.1 Introduction to Area and Facility Planning 

1.2 Area and Facility Planning Defined 

1.3 Context for Planning and Management 

1.4 Benefits of Planning and Evaluation 

1.5 General Planning Principles 

      Common Planning Principles

1.6 Approaches to Planning

1.7 Planning Activities by Sector

1.8 Types of Plans

1.9 Keys to Successful Planning 


2.0 Planning Process 

2.1 Introduction to the Planning Process

2.2 Eight-Stage Approach to Planning

2.3 Planning Factors and Influences 


Internal Organizational Planning Factors 


3.0 Mission, Goals, Objectives, and Policies 

3.1 Introduction to Goal Setting 

3.2 Hierarchy of Goal Setting 

3.3 Fundamental Beliefs, Values, and Principles 

3.4 Mission 

3.5 Goals 

3.6  Objectives 

3.7 Action Plan 

3.8 Guide to Writing Goals 


4.0 Supply Analysis 

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Financial Capacity and Human Resources

4.3 Program Inventory

4.4 Facility Inventory

4.5 Defining Capacity and Efficiency Measures

4.5.1 Introduction

4.5.2 Evaluation, Assessment, and Efficiency Measurement

         Three Measures of Efficiency 


External Planning Factors and Conditions 


5.0 Future Trends & Forecasting 

5.1 Introduction to Trends and Probable Futures

5.2 Defining the Conditions of Change

5.3 Guidelines for Forecasting

5.4 Techniques for Forecasting

5.5 Trends in Leisure Programs and Facilities

5.5.1 Facility Trends

5.5.2 Program and Activity Trends 


6.0 Demographics and Community Profiles 

6.1 Introduction to Demographics and Community Profiles

6.2 Significance of Demographics

6.3 Impact of Demographics on Recreation Planning

6.4 Issues and Limitations Related to Demographic Profiling 


7.0 Demand Analysis and Public Consultation 

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Need and Demand

7.2.1 Needs Defined

7.2.2 Demand Defined

7.2.3 Measuring Demand 

7.3 Public Consultation 

7.3.1 Introduction

7.3.2 Benefits of Public Consultation 

7.3.3 Three Steps to Meaningful Public Participation 

7.4 Conducting Survey Research 


8.0 Standards 

8.1 Introduction Standards

8.2 Definitions and Typology of Standards

8.3 Principles and Practices in the Implementation of Standards

8.4 Limitations of the Use of Standards in Planning 


Synthesis, Analysis, and Reporting 


9.0 Data Analysis and Interpretation 

9.1 Introduction

9.2 The Eight-Step Approach to Decision Making

9.3 Priority Criteria Rating System—An Introduction

9.4 The Priority Criterion Rating System— A Model for Decision Making 


Types of Plans and Reports 


10.0 Parks and Recreation Master Planning 

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Definition of a Parks and Recreation Master Plan

10.3 Value of Master Planning

10.4 Content of a Master Plan

10.5 Master Planning Process 


11.0 Facility Feasibility and Development 

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Pre-Design Planning and Feasibility Analysis

11.3 Facility Design Stage

11.4 Facility Construction Stage

11.5 Operation, Governance, and Maintenance 


12.0 Strategic Planning 

12.1 Introduction 
12.2 Benefits of Strategic Planning 

12.3 Process for Strategic Planning 


13.0 Business Planning 

13.1 Introduction to Business Planning 

13.2 Components of a Business Plan 


14.0 Open Space Planning—A Systems Approach 

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Benefits of Parks and Open Space

14.3 Definition of Open Space

14.4 Six-Step Approach to Open Space Planning 


Facility Operation and Maintenance 


15.0 Maintenance Management Systems 

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Maintenance Defined

15.3 Planned Maintenance Management System

15.4 Life Cycle Management 



Web and Related Resources 



Appendix A: Sample RFP—Request for Proposals

Appendix B: Facility Assessment Process—A Checklist

Appendix C: PERC Priority Rating System— City of Red Deer Case Study

Appendix D: Site Selection Process—A Case Study 

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